About Pakistan

Official Name:            Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
Father of the nation:   Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)
National Poet:             Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)
Head of the State:       Mr. Mamnoon Hussain, President
Head of Government: Mr. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister
Capital:                       Islamabad.
Area:                           796,096-sq. km. [Punjab 205,344; Sindh 140,914; Khyber Pukhtunkhwa 74,521; Balochistan 347,190; Federally Administered Tribal Areas 27,220 and Islamabad (Capital) 906 sq. km.]

Population:                  184 million (Estimated)
Currency:                    Pak. Rupee
Language:                   Urdu (National language), English (Official)
Archaeological Sites:   Mohenjodaro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehar Garh, and Takht Bahi
Major Cities:               Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad and Multan.
Location:                     Located in South Asia, Pakistan shares an eastern border with India and a north-eastern border with China. Iran makes up the country’s south-west border, and Afghanistan runs along its western and northern edge. The Arabian Sea is Pakistan’s southern boundary with 1,064 km of coastline. 
Imports:                       Industrial equipment, chemicals, vehicles, steel, iron ore,  petroleum, edible oil, pulses, tea.
Exports:                       Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items  carpets, sports goods, handi-crafts, fish and fish prep. and fruit
Government:               Parliamentary form, Parliament consists of two Houses i.e., the Senate (Upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House).  The Senate is a permanent legislative body and symbolises a process of continuity in the national affairs. It consists of 104 members. The four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college. The National Assembly has a total membership of 342 elected through adult suffrage (272 general seats, 60 women seats and 10 non-Muslim seats).
Pakistan National Flag:    Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolizes Pakistan's profound commitment to Islam, the Islamic world and the rights of religious minorities. (For more details click here)
National Anthem:       Approved in August, 1954, Verses Composed by Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri, Tune Composed by Ahmed G. Chagla, Duration 80 seconds

State Emblem:             Drawn by Mian Mahmood Alam Suhrawardy (1920-1999), the State Emblem consists of: 
1. The crescent and star which are symbols of Islam 
2. The shield in the centre shows four major crops 
3. Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage and
4. Scroll contains Quaid's motto: Faith, Unity, Discipline

National Flower:         Jasmine.
National Tree:             Deodar (Cedrus Deodara).
National Animal:         Markhor.
National Bird:             Chakor (Red-legged partridge)
Flora:                           Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry
Fauna:                         The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buck, Neelgai, Markhor, Marco-Polo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Waterfowls
Popular games:            Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash.
Tourist's resorts:          Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit
Archaeological sites:   Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai.
Major Cities:               Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot
Major Crops:               Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane (Total cropped area 25.01 million hectares)
Industry:                     Textiles, Cement, Fertiliser, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding

40 Interesting facts about Pakistan! -- an Eye Opener

Erdogan Pakistanin Millet ruhunu anlatiyor 

(Turkish Prime Minister speaking about the rationale of Pakistan)

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