Official Name: Islamic
. Republic of Pakistan
Father of the nation: Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)
National Poet: Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)
Head of the State: Mr. Mamnoon Hussain, President
Head of Government: Mr. Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, Prime Minister
Area: 796,096-sq. km. [Punjab 205,344; Sindh 140,914; Khyber Pukhtunkhwa 74,521; Balochistan 347,190; Federally Administered Tribal Areas 27,220 and
(Capital) 906 sq. km.] Islamabad
Population: 184 million (Estimated)
Currency: Pak. Rupee
Language: Urdu (National language), English (Official)
Archaeological Sites: Mohenjodaro,
Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehar Garh, and Takht Bahi
Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad and . Multan
Location: Located in South Asia,
Pakistan shares an eastern border with India and a north-eastern border with . China Iran makes up the country’s south-west border, and runs along its western and northern edge. The Arabian Sea is Afghanistan ’s southern boundary with 1,064 km of coastline. Pakistan
Imports: Industrial equipment, chemicals, vehicles, steel, iron ore, petroleum, edible oil, pulses, tea.
Exports: Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items carpets, sports goods, handi-crafts, fish and fish prep. and fruit
Government: Parliamentary form, Parliament consists of two Houses i.e., the Senate (Upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House). The Senate is a permanent legislative body and symbolises a process of continuity in the national affairs. It consists of 104 members. The four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college. The National Assembly has a total membership of 342 elected through adult suffrage (272 general seats, 60 women seats and 10 non-Muslim seats).
National Anthem: Approved in August, 1954, Verses Composed by Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri, Tune Composed by Ahmed G. Chagla, Duration 80 seconds
1. The crescent and star which are symbols of Islam
2. The shield in the centre shows four major crops
3. Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage and
4. Scroll contains Quaid's motto: Faith, Unity, Discipline
National Flower: Jasmine.
National Tree: Deodar (Cedrus Deodara).
National Animal: Markhor.
National Bird: Chakor (Red-legged partridge)
Flora: Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry
Fauna: The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buck, Neelgai, Markhor, Marco-Polo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Waterfowls
Popular games: Cricket, Hockey, Football, Squash.
Tourist's resorts: Murree,
, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit Quetta
Archaeological sites: Moenjo Daro,
Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh, Takht Bhai.
Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Faisalabad, Multan and Sialkot
Major Crops: Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane (Total cropped area 25.01 million hectares)
Industry: Textiles, Cement, Fertiliser, Steel, Sugar, Electric Goods, Shipbuilding
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